Conditions required for recognising and enforcing a Foreign Judgment in the Italian courts
The main conditions required are the following:
- The original court must have jurisdiction;
- The defendant had proper notice of the proceedings;
- There is no incompatibility with public policy;
- No conflicting domestic or foreign judgment exists;
- The judgment is final as to its effects.
A judgment will be refused if any one of the above conditions is not fulfilled
Types of Judgments that can be enforced
- Money judgments or awards;
- Judgments ordering or prohibiting carrying out of acts and injunctions;
- Declaratory judgments;
- Default Judgments;
- Judgments made without notice and decisions granting provisional measures (in this case the judgment containing the judgment must be served on the defendant before the starting of the enforcement procedure);
- Enforcement orders and attachment orders.